Wisdom Teeth Removal Complications and Risks

wisdom teeth removalLike all forms of surgery, wisdom teeth extraction surgery carries the risk of potential complications. Some of these potential complications are quite rare, while others are very common. In general, wisdom teeth extraction is considered a very safe surgical procedure, if it is carried out by a professional dentist or oral surgeon. Most of the patients undergo the wisdom tooth extraction to remove the infected wisdom tooth.

Here are the some of the possible complications that can result from extracting wisdom teeth:

Swelling, wisdom tooth infection, discoloration of the face, point tenderness, pain and discomfort

These are the most common side effects and complications of having wisdom tooth extraction surgery. As many as 50% of people who have wisdom teeth extraction surgery performed will experience these symptoms. In general, these symptoms will be present for about 48 hours after surgery and the majority of patients that reported having such symptoms did not say that they were overly serious or painful. If these symptoms, especially swelling and pain, do not dissipate after 48 hours or so, they could be a sign of infection.

Excessive bleeding

Any time a surgery is performed to remove a tooth there will be bleeding involved. This bleeding will usually stop on its own after about six hours. In very rare cases, patients may experience serious blood loss after the six-hour period is over. If severe blood loss occurs, the patient should seek immediate medical attention. Many patients will experience occasional bleeding during the several days of recovery, but this bleeding is usually very minor and the result of tearing or harming the wound.

Trismus or difficulty opening the mouth

Some patients will experience difficulty opening their mouth as wide as they are used to after having their wisdom teeth removed. Some possible causes for this can include an injury to the pterygoid muscle by a needle, having the patient’s mouth stretched for too long during the surgery, hematomas, inflammation and swelling. This trismus is usually temporary and will go away on its own after a few days.

Dry Socket

Dry socket is described as a throbbing pain at the tooth removal site. This usually occurs when a blood clot fails to properly form in the socket, causing the nerves to continuously fire. This sharp pain can arrive several days after the extraction has taken place. This inflammation is often confused with an infection, but unlike an infection dry socket will go away on its own in a week or two.

Mouth-Sinus Holes

Occasionally, when the upper wisdom teeth are removed they can create a hole leading into the sinus cavity. A material called gelform is usually used to block the hole and help prevent infections. If an infection occurs in the sinus cavity, it may require additional surgery.

  • ROOSE

    I remove my bottom right wisdom teeth two months back, but till date the sensitivity of my toungue not recovered. Visited the doctor many times but he is not sure of the recovery of my toungue.. I really suspect something went wrong during surgery..? Doctor suggested Vitamin Tablets for 6 months… I suspect a severe nerve damage or cut.. I am worried.. Pls advise

    • Luis

      Roose can you update your condition please,how are you feel now?

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  • Luima

    I got my lower left wisdom tooth extracted and now i have bump on my lower jaw that is hard like bone does not hurt but is bothersome and i look swollen and wierd. Any idea what it might be?

  • http://google george

    DENTIST THAT REMOVE MY LOWER/LEFT WISDOM TOOTH WORK VERY HARD THAT DAY EVEN ALMOST WENT ON TOP OF ME TO GET STRAING TO PULL THAT TOOTH,IT WAS KIND OF WEIR AND FUNNY WHEN I LOOKED AT HER FIGHTING MY TOOTH ,OFCOURSE SHE GOT IT AND I RECOVER IN 3 DAYS.

    I DID A LOT SALT AND WATER RINSES AND 800 MGR PAIN KILLER TOO.THAT HELPS.

  • Md Azharuddin

    I would like to know if there will be heavy hair loss after molar impaction. I have had a molar impaction surgery a year ago. I have lost around 80% of my hair after the surgery. Is surgery the reason behind my hairfall?