Wisdom tooth removal procedures are very common and dentists and oral surgeons perform thousands of these surgeries every day. Most of the time, these procedures go very smoothly, as serious risks associated with this type of surgery are rare. The procedure does involve making an incision in the gum and removing the tooth from its root, so there is bound to be some discomfort, bleeding and pain associated with it. Most people report that they feel fine after their wisdom teeth extraction surgery and only experience side effects for a few days. In very rare cases, serious complications can arise from this type of surgery.
After the procedure is finished, the vast majority of patients will experience a brief recovery from the local anesthetic they were given. During this time period, the patient is likely to feel drowsy or even a little sickly as the anesthetic wears off. This is completely normal. Once the patient feels well enough to leave, they are sent home, usually with a companion to do the driving.
The hole or holes that are left over after the extraction procedure is complete may be painful for the next few days. They may also bleed intermittently, but this blood can usually be staunched quickly and easily. Continuous or excessive bleeding may require more assistance. The affected area may also become red and inflamed and the patient may experience some difficulty opening their mouth, discoloration of their face and point tenderness at the site they were given an injection. These effects are temporary and will usually go away after a few days. The dentist or oral surgeon will probably prescribe the patient a mild painkiller and possibly an antibiotic.
Patients will probably have to avoid their normal activities the day of the surgery and possibly the day after. After this time, they are generally free to resume their normal activities, as long as they are not in too much pain. The patient will have to avoid drinking sugary, alcoholic, carbonated or caffeinated beverages for at least 24 hours. Instead, they should drink a good amount of water. The patient should also only eat soft foods and should avoid spicy, chewy or hard foods.
The patient should also avoid brushing their teeth or using mouthwash for at least 24 hours after their wisdom tooth extraction procedure. Instead, they can gently rinse out their mouth with warm salt water every two hours or so. After about three days, the patient should be back to normal and experiencing only minor pain and bleeding from their wisdom tooth extraction procedure.